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Table 1 Mean VAS scores for reader confidence in study conclusions for abstracts with descriptive or declarative titles (higher scores represent greater agreement with a statement on the study conclusions)

From: Do declarative titles affect readers’ perceptions of research findings? A randomized trial

  Descriptive title group (n = 70) [mean (SD)] Declarative title group (n = 74) [mean (SD)] Difference between groups (95 % CI)
A1 VAS scoreb 34.4 (21.5) 40.6 (23.9)  
A2 VAS scoreb 74.2 (17.0) 73.2 (20.3)  
Difference (A2–A1) 39.8 (22.6) 32.6 (27.4) −7.2 (–15.5 to 1.1) p = 0.09a
Adjusted differenceb    −2.4 (–8.5 to 3.6) p = 0.42
  1. aTwo-sided p value from t test
  2. bAnalysis of covariance