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Table 3 Knowledge, Review Quality Instrument, and study perception

From: Mentored peer review of standardized manuscripts as a teaching tool for residents: a pilot randomized controlled multi-center study

  Total Non-mentored Mentored p value*
Part A: knowledge questions
 Pre-test, mean % correct (STD), n 66.0 (14.7), n = 51 67.8 (14.2), n = 25 64.2 (15.3), n = 26 0.65
 Post-test, mean % correct (STD), n 54.9 (12.1), n = 51 53.9 (11.8), n = 25 55.8 (12.3), n = 26 0.14**
 Change in score, % decline (STD), n −11.1 (17.5), n = 51 −13.9 (16.7), n = 25 −8.5 (18.2), n = 26 0.48**
Part B: overall study perception, 5-point Likert score from 1 = strongly disagree to 5 = strongly agree (STD)
 Participation has enhanced:
  - Understanding of research methodology 3.18 (1.1) 2.61 (1.2) 3.69 (0.8) 0.001
  - Interest in clinical research 3.08 (1.1) 2.83 (1.2) 3.31 (1.0) 0.108
  - Understanding of manuscripts 3.33 (1.1) 2.87 (1.3) 3.73 (0.9) 0.006
  - Motivation to read more manuscripts 3.12 (1.1) 2.78 (1.2) 3.42 (0.9) 0.075
  - Interest in peer review 3.04 (1.0) 3.09 (0.9) 3.00 (1.1) 0.72
  - Interest in academic neurology 3.00 (1.0) 2.83 (1.0) 3.15 (1.1) 0.375
  - Application of study results to clinical practice 3.25 (1.1) 2.78 (1.1) 3.65 (0.9) 0.005
  - Explanation of studies to patients 2.90 (1.2) 2.43 (1.3) 3.31 (0.9) 0.010
  - Overall impression 3.39 (1.1) 3.22 (1.1) 3.54 (1.0) 0.279
  - Enjoyment in participating in research study 3.18 (1.1) 3.17 (1.1) 3.19 (1.1) 0.925
Part C: RQI scores
 Manuscript 1, mean (STD)
  - Mean of Q1–7 3.46 (0.8) 3.38 (0.9) 3.53 (0.7) 0.56
  - Mean of Q8 3.48 (0.9) 3.45 (1.1) 3.51 (0.8) 0.92
 Manuscript 5, mean (STD)
  - Mean of Q1–7 3.15 (0.84) 3.06 (0.97) 3.25 (0.7) 0.50
  - Mean of Q8 3.31 (1.0) 3.13 (1.1) 3.53 (0.8) 0.19
  1. Abbreviations: STD standard deviation, RQI Review Quality Index, Q question
  2. *Wilcoxon rank-sum test
  3. **ANCOVA adjusting for pre-test scores