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Table 2 Sex and Gender Equity in Research (SAGER) guidelines: general principles

From: Beyond sex and gender difference in funding and reporting of health research

 • Authors should use the terms sex and gender carefully in order to avoid confusing both terms.
 • Where the subjects of research comprise organisms capable of differentiation by sex, the research should be designed and conducted in a way that can reveal sex-related differences in the results, even if these were not initially expected.
 • Where subjects can also be differentiated by gender (shaped by social and cultural circumstances), the research should be conducted similarly at this additional level of distinction. [23]