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Table 3 Authors’ checklist for gender-sensitive reporting

From: Beyond sex and gender difference in funding and reporting of health research

Research approaches
Are the concepts of gender and/or sex used in your research project?
If yes, have you explicitly defined the concepts of gender and/or sex? Is it clear what aspects of gender and/or sex are being examined in your study?
If no, do you consider this to be a significant limitation? Given existing knowledge in the relevant literature, are there plausible gender and/or sex factors that should have been considered? If you consider sex and/or gender to be highly relevant to your proposed research, the research design should reflect this.
Research questions and hypotheses
Does your research question(s) or hypothesis/es make reference to gender and/or sex, or relevant groups or phenomena (e.g., differences between males and females, differences among women, seeking to understand a gendered phenomenon such as masculinity)?
Literature review
Does your literature review cite prior studies that support the existence (or lack) of significant differences between women and men, boys and girls, or males and females?
Does your literature review point to the extent to which past research has taken gender or sex into account?
Research methods
Is your sample appropriate to capture gender and/or sex-based factors?
Is it possible to collect data that are disaggregated by sex and/or gender?
Are the inclusion and exclusion criteria well justified with respect to sex and/or gender? (Note: this pertains to human and animal subjects and biological systems that are not whole organisms)
Is the data collection method proposed in your study appropriate for investigation of sex and/or gender?
Is your analytic approach appropriate and rigorous enough to capture gender and/or sex-based factors?
Ethics
Does your study design account for the relevant ethical issues that might have particular significance with respect to gender and/or sex? (e.g., inclusion of pregnant women in clinical trials)
  1. Source: Adapted from Canadian Institutes of Health Research (2016) [53]