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Table 1 Notification, nature and scope of concerns about research integrity raised with four academic institutions

From: Quality of reports of investigations of research integrity by academic institutions

  Institution
1 2 3 4
Concerns
 Date(s) concerns raised by our group 14 March 2017 14 March 2017
15 May 2017
11 October 2017
18 November 2017
14 March 2017
18 November 2017
11 October 2017
24 November 2017
3 May 2018
 Types of concern Fabrication
Falsification
Plagiarism
Authorship misconduct
Study conduct and governance irregularities
Implausible productivity
Implausible data
Data errors
Fabrication
Falsification
Plagiarism
Duplicate reporting
Authorship misconduct
Study conduct and governance irregularities
Implausible productivity
Impossible data
Implausible data
Data errors
Funding unclear
Fabrication
Falsification
Plagiarism
Duplicate reporting
Authorship misconduct
Study conduct and governance irregularities
Implausible productivity
Impossible data
Implausible data
Data errors
Funding unclear
Fabrication
Plagiarism
Duplicate reporting
Authorship misconduct
Study conduct and governance irregularities
Impossible data
Data errors
Funding unclear
 Detailed concerns raised about specific publications N Y Y Y
 Employees affected,a N 4 4 6 2
 Publications potentially affected,b N 49 200 68 34
  1. aCo-author > 5 publications with primary respondent
  2. bPapers authored by primary respondent with at least one co-author affiliated to the institution