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Table 1 Notification, nature and scope of concerns about research integrity raised with four academic institutions

From: Quality of reports of investigations of research integrity by academic institutions

  Institution
1 2 3 4
Concerns
 Date(s) concerns raised by our group 14 March 2017 14 March 2017 15 May 2017 11 October 2017 18 November 2017 14 March 2017 18 November 2017 11 October 2017 24 November 2017 3 May 2018
 Types of concern Fabrication Falsification Plagiarism Authorship misconduct Study conduct and governance irregularities Implausible productivity Implausible data Data errors Fabrication Falsification Plagiarism Duplicate reporting Authorship misconduct Study conduct and governance irregularities Implausible productivity Impossible data Implausible data Data errors Funding unclear Fabrication Falsification Plagiarism Duplicate reporting Authorship misconduct Study conduct and governance irregularities Implausible productivity Impossible data Implausible data Data errors Funding unclear Fabrication Plagiarism Duplicate reporting Authorship misconduct Study conduct and governance irregularities Impossible data Data errors Funding unclear
 Detailed concerns raised about specific publications N Y Y Y
 Employees affected,a N 4 4 6 2
 Publications potentially affected,b N 49 200 68 34
  1. aCo-author > 5 publications with primary respondent
  2. bPapers authored by primary respondent with at least one co-author affiliated to the institution