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Table 2 Discussion facilitation versus discussion affecting outcome

From: Grant reviewer perceptions of the quality, effectiveness, and influence of panel discussion

QuestionQ5. Outcome affected (1 or 2)Q5. Outcome unaffected (3, 4 or 5)Significance (affected vs unaffected)
Q1. Did the grant application discussions facilitate reviewer participation?Y = 96% [94–98%]Y = 84% [79–89%]χ2 [1] = 30.8, p < 0.001, d = 0.33
Q2. How useful were the grant application discussions in clarifying differing reviewer opinions?2.0 [1.9–2.1]3.0 [2.8–3.2]U[450, 184] = 67,562, p < 0.001, d = 0.86
Q3. Was the format and duration of the grant application discussions sufficient to allow the non-assigned reviewers to cast well informed merit scores?Y = 84% [76–88%]Y = 65% [74–82%]χ2 [1] = 26.2, p < 0.001, d = 0.40
Q4. How useful was the Chair in facilitating the application discussions?2.0 [1.9–2.1]3.0 [2.8–3.2]U[446, 181] = 54,003, p < 0.001, d = 0.78