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Table 3 Explanatory variables for perceived research misbehaviors, univariate analyses

From: Explaining variance in perceived research misbehavior: results from a survey among academic researchers in Amsterdam

  Perceived frequency of misbehavior Perceived impact of misbehavior
Explanatory variable β SEa p-valueb %Index of Expl.
Varianec
β SEa p-valueb %Expl.
Varianec
Individual factors
Female vs male −.159 .065 .015 .69% −.009 .021 .651 0%
Academic rank     6.06%     1.08%
  Postdoc/assistant professor vs PhD student .469 .072 <.001   .076 .024 .001  
  Associate/full professor vs PhD student .617 .081 <.001   .036 .027 .177  
Disciplinary field     .25%     .13%
  Biomedical sciences vs humanities .127 .109 .245   .023 .034 .508  
  Natural sciences vs humanities .110 .139 .430   .034 .044 .442  
  Social sciences vs humanities .035 .121 .771   .048 .038 .209  
Climate factors
RCR Resources −.309 .039 <.001 6.01% −.079 .012 <.001 3.77%
Regulatory Quality −.463 .050 <.001 5.26% −.041 .017 .016 .95%
Departmental Norms −.565 .044 <.001 14.67% −.140 .014 <.001 8.09%
Integrity Socialization −.318 .039 <.001 6.31% −.072 .012 <.001 3.17%
Supervisor-supervisee Relations −.425 .040 <.001 10.57% −.098 .013 <.001 5.08%
Integrity Inhibitors −.542 .039 <.001 17.46% −.156 .012 <.001 12.98%
Departmental Expectations −.319 .037 <.001 7.56% −.091 .012 <.001 5.77%
Publication factors
Publication Attitude .580 .045 <.001 14.75% .166 .014 <.001 11.74%
Publication Resources .185 .051 <.001 1.44% .080 .016 <.001 2.28%
Publication Stress .323 .039 .039 6.39% .091 .012 <.001 4.92%
  1. astandard error of the β, bassociated p value cpercentage of explained variance by the independent variable at issue