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Table 3 Reasons noted in subsequent actions (n = 40a) (August 2014–August 2016)

From: Concern noted: a descriptive study of editorial expressions of concern in PubMed and PubMed Central

Reason n (%)
Validity of data, methods, or interpretation 20 (50)
Allegations or findings of research misconduct 15 (38)
Disputes concerning authorship or data ownership 1 (3)
Other 1 (3)
Unspecified 3 (8)
  1. aIncludes 2 publications where the EEoC was unavailable for coding, but subsequent action was coded. Multiple codes were assigned for 7 actions. Here each publication is assigned to a single category. The order of descending precedence was as follows: research misconduct, validity, authorship/ownership. If multiple subsequent events occurred, the coding for the final event is reported