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  1. Content type: Review

    The quality and integrity of the scientific literature have recently become the subject of heated debate. Due to an apparent increase in cases of scientific fraud and irreproducible research, some have claimed...

    Authors: S. P. J. M. ( Serge) Horbach and W. ( Willem) Halffman

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2018 3:8

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  2. Content type: Research

    Despite rapid growth of the scientific literature, no consensus guidelines have emerged to define the optimal criteria for editors to grade submitted manuscripts. The purpose of this project was to assess the ...

    Authors: Catherine H. Davis, Barbara L. Bass, Kevin E. Behrns, Keith D. Lillemoe, O. James Garden, Mark S. Roh, Jeffrey E. Lee, Charles M. Balch and Thomas A. Aloia

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2018 3:4

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  3. Content type: Editorial

    In May 2016, we launched Research Integrity and Peer Review, an international, open access journal with fully open peer review (reviewers are identified on their reports and named reports are published alongside ...

    Authors: Stephanie L. Boughton, Maria K. Kowalczuk, Joerg J. Meerpohl, Elizabeth Wager and Elizabeth C. Moylan

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2018 3:3

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  4. Content type: Commentary

    This paper describes the experience of an academic institution, the Queensland University of Technology (QUT), developing training courses about research integrity practices in authorship, publication, and Jou...

    Authors: Mark Hooper, Virginia Barbour, Anne Walsh, Stephanie Bradbury and Jane Jacobs

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2018 3:2

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  5. Content type: Research

    Although the peer review process is believed to ensure scientific rigor, enhance research quality, and improve manuscript clarity, many investigators are concerned that the process is too slow, too expensive, ...

    Authors: Joshua D. Wallach, Alexander C. Egilman, Anand D. Gopal, Nishwant Swami, Harlan M. Krumholz and Joseph S. Ross

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2018 3:1

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  6. Content type: Research

    There is evidence that direct journal endorsement of reporting guidelines can lead to important improvements in the quality and reliability of the published research. However, over the last 20 years, there has...

    Authors: Daniel R. Shanahan, Ines Lopes de Sousa and Diana M. Marshall

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2017 2:20

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  7. Content type: Research

    In Australia, the peer review process for competitive funding is usually conducted by a peer review group in conjunction with prior assessment from external assessors. This process is quite mysterious to those...

    Authors: John Coveney, Danielle L Herbert, Kathy Hill, Karen E Mow, Nicholas Graves and Adrian Barnett

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2017 2:19

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  8. Content type: Methodology

    Deciphering the amount of work provided by different co-authors of a scientific paper has been a recurrent problem in science. Despite the myriad of metrics available, the scientific community still largely re...

    Authors: Stéphane Boyer, Takayoshi Ikeda, Marie-Caroline Lefort, Jagoba Malumbres-Olarte and Jason M. Schmidt

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2017 2:18

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  9. Content type: Research

    Knowledge development depends on an unbiased representation of the available evidence. Selective citation may distort this representation. Recently, some controversy emerged regarding the possible impact of sw...

    Authors: Bram Duyx, Miriam J. E. Urlings, Gerard M. H. Swaen, Lex M. Bouter and Maurice P. Zeegers

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2017 2:17

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  10. Content type: Research

    Winning funding for health and medical research usually involves a lengthy application process. With success rates under 20%, much of the time spent by 80% of applicants could have been better used on actual r...

    Authors: Adrian G. Barnett, Philip Clarke, Cedryck Vaquette and Nicholas Graves

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2017 2:16

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  11. Content type: Research

    Accurate reporting on sex and gender in health research is integral to ensuring that health interventions are safe and effective. In Canada and internationally, governments, research organizations, journal edi...

    Authors: V. Welch, M. Doull, M. Yoganathan, J. Jull, M. Boscoe, S. E. Coen, Z. Marshall, J. Pardo Pardo, A. Pederson, J. Petkovic, L. Puil, L. Quinlan, B. Shea, T. Rader, V. Runnels and S. Tudiver

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2017 2:15

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  12. Content type: Commentary

    Research Ethics Boards, or Institutional Review Boards, protect the safety and welfare of human research participants. These bodies are responsible for providing an independent evaluation of proposed research ...

    Authors: Stacey A. Page and Jeffrey Nyeboer

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2017 2:14

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  13. Content type: Research

    Trial registration helps minimize publication and reporting bias. In leading medical journals, 96% of published trials are registered. The aim of this study was to determine the proportion of randomized contro...

    Authors: Richard Gray, Ashish Badnapurkar, Eman Hassanein, Donna Thomas, Laileah Barguir, Charley Baker, Martin Jones, Daniel Bressington, Ellie Brown and Annie Topping

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2017 2:8

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  14. Content type: Methodology

    New metrics have been developed to assess the impact of research and provide an indication of online media attention and data dissemination. We aimed to describe online media attention of articles evaluating c...

    Authors: Romana Haneef, Philippe Ravaud, Gabriel Baron, Lina Ghosn and Isabelle Boutron

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2017 2:9

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  15. Content type: Research

    The aim of this survey was to determine the level of awareness and understanding of peer review and peer review models amongst junior hospital doctors and whether this influences clinical decision-making.

    Authors: Jigisha Patel, Mary Pierce, Stephanie L. Boughton and Stephanie E. Baldeweg

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2017 2:11

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  16. Content type: Meeting Abstracts

    Authors: Sonia Vasconcelos, Edson Watanabe, L. P. Garcia, E. Duarte, M. C. Cassimiro, M. M. P. Diós-Borges, A. M. M. Soares, C. H. Debenedito Silva, A. A. P. Santa Rosa, G. A. Fófano, H. S. Pinheiro, A. M. Gollner, C. C. Santos, S. M. R. Vasconcelos, D. C. Machado, P. V. S. Souza…

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2017 2(Suppl 1):12

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 2 Supplement 1

  17. Content type: Research

    There is increasing need for peer reviewers as the scientific literature grows. Formal education in biostatistics and research methodology during residency training is lacking. In this pilot study, we addresse...

    Authors: Victoria S. S. Wong, Roy E. Strowd III, Rebeca Aragón-García, Yeseon Park Moon, Blair Ford, Sheryl R. Haut, Joseph S. Kass, Zachary N. London, MaryAnn Mays, Tracey A. Milligan, Raymond S. Price, Patrick S. Reynolds, Linda M. Selwa, David C. Spencer and Mitchell S. V. Elkind

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2017 2:6

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  18. Content type: Research

    The annual number of retracted publications in the scientific literature is rapidly increasing. The objective of this study was to determine the frequency and reason for retraction of cancer publications and t...

    Authors: Anthony Bozzo, Kamal Bali, Nathan Evaniew and Michelle Ghert

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2017 2:5

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  19. Content type: Review

    The foundation of health and medical research is data. Data sharing facilitates the progress of research and strengthens science. Data sharing in research is widely discussed in the literature; however, there ...

    Authors: Anisa Rowhani-Farid, Michelle Allen and Adrian G. Barnett

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2017 2:4

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Research Integrity and Peer Review 2017 2:7

  20. Content type: Commentary

    It is commonly reported by editors that it has become harder to recruit reviewers for peer review and that this is because individuals are being asked to review too often and are experiencing reviewer fatigue....

    Authors: Charles W. Fox, Arianne Y. K. Albert and Timothy H. Vines

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2017 2:3

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    The original article was published in Research Integrity and Peer Review 2016 1:14

  21. Content type: Research

    Multi-centre studies generally cost more than single-centre studies because of larger sample sizes and the need for multiple ethical approvals. Multi-centre studies include clinical trials, clinical quality re...

    Authors: Adrian G. Barnett, Megan J. Campbell, Carla Shield, Alison Farrington, Lisa Hall, Katie Page, Anne Gardner, Brett G. Mitchell and Nicholas Graves

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2016 1:16

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  22. Content type: Research

    Codes of conduct mainly focus on research misconduct that takes the form of fabrication, falsification, and plagiarism. However, at the aggregate level, lesser forms of research misbehavior may be more importa...

    Authors: Lex M. Bouter, Joeri Tijdink, Nils Axelsen, Brian C. Martinson and Gerben ter Riet

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2016 1:17

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  23. Content type: Research

    There is concern in the academic publishing community that it is becoming more difficult to secure reviews for peer-reviewed manuscripts, but much of this concern stems from anecdotal and rhetorical evidence.

    Authors: Arianne Y. K. Albert, Jennifer L. Gow, Alison Cobra and Timothy H. Vines

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2016 1:14

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    The Commentary to this article has been published in Research Integrity and Peer Review 2017 2:3

  24. Content type: Commentary

    We have national guidelines for the responsible conduct of research (RCR) and procedures for handling allegations of misconduct in Finland. The guidelines have been formulated and updated by the Finnish Adviso...

    Authors: Liisa Räsänen and Erja Moore

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2016 1:15

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  25. Content type: Research

    Plagiarism is common and threatens the integrity of the scientific literature. However, its detection is time consuming and difficult, presenting challenges to editors and publishers who are entrusted with ens...

    Authors: Janet R. Higgins, Feng-Chang Lin and James P. Evans

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2016 1:13

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  26. Content type: Commentary

    As the size of the published scientific literature has increased exponentially over the past 30 years, review articles play an increasingly important role in helping researchers to make sense of original resea...

    Authors: Jennifer A. Byrne

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2016 1:12

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  27. Content type: Research

    Many journals prohibit the use of declarative titles that state study findings, yet a few journals encourage or even require them. We compared the effects of a declarative versus a descriptive title on readers...

    Authors: Elizabeth Wager, Douglas G. Altman, Iveta Simera and Tudor P. Toma

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2016 1:11

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  28. Content type: Research

    To limit selective and incomplete publication of the results of clinical trials, registries including ClinicalTrials.gov were introduced. The ClinicalTrials.gov registry added a results database in 2008 to ena...

    Authors: Innocent Gerald Asiimwe and Dickson Rumona

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2016 1:10

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  29. Content type: Meeting abstracts

    I1 Proceedings of the 4th World Conference on Research Integrity

    Authors: Susan Patricia O’Brien, Danny Chan, Frederick Leung, Eun Jung Ko, Jin Sun Kwak, TaeHwan Gwon, Ji Min Lee, Min-Ho Lee, Helga Nolte, Michael Gommel, Gerlinde Sponholz, Yordanka Krastev, Yamini Sandiran, Julia Connell, Nicky Solomon, Ursa Opara Krasovec…

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2016 1(Suppl 1):9

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 1 Supplement 1

  30. Content type: Methodology

    Sharing of experimental clinical research data usually happens between individuals or research groups rather than via public repositories, in part due to the need to protect research participant privacy. This ...

    Authors: Iain Hrynaszkiewicz, Varsha Khodiyar, Andrew L. Hufton and Susanna-Assunta Sansone

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2016 1:6

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  31. Content type: Methodology

    Although the number of reporting guidelines has grown rapidly, few have gone through an updating process. The STARD statement (Standards for Reporting Diagnostic Accuracy), published in 2003 to help improve th...

    Authors: Daniël A. Korevaar, Jérémie F. Cohen, Johannes B. Reitsma, David E. Bruns, Constantine A. Gatsonis, Paul P. Glasziou, Les Irwig, David Moher, Henrica C. W. de Vet, Douglas G. Altman, Lotty Hooft and Patrick M. M. Bossuyt

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2016 1:7

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  32. Content type: Review

    Sex and gender differences are often overlooked in research design, study implementation and scientific reporting, as well as in general science communication. This oversight limits the generalizability of res...

    Authors: Shirin Heidari, Thomas F. Babor, Paola De Castro, Sera Tort and Mirjam Curno

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2016 1:2

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Research Integrity and Peer Review 2016 1:8

  33. Content type: Methodology

    Interventional clinical studies conducted in the regulated drug research environment are reported using International Council for Harmonisation (ICH) regulatory guidance documents: ICH E3 on the structure and ...

    Authors: Samina Hamilton, Aaron B. Bernstein, Graham Blakey, Vivien Fagan, Tracy Farrow, Debbie Jordan, Walther Seiler, Anna Shannon and Art Gertel

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2016 1:4

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  34. Content type: Review

    Conflicts of interest held by researchers remain a focus of attention in clinical research. Biases related to these relationships have the potential to directly impact the quality of healthcare by influencing ...

    Authors: Adam G. Dunn, Enrico Coiera, Kenneth D. Mandl and Florence T. Bourgeois

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2016 1:1

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  35. Content type: Research

    In about one in 10,000 cases, a published article is retracted. This very often means that the results it reports are flawed. Several authors have voiced concerns about the presence of retracted research in th...

    Authors: Paul E. van der Vet and Harm Nijveen

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2016 1:3

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  36. Content type: Editorial

    This editorial explains why we are launching Research Integrity and Peer Review, a new open-access journal that will provide a home to research on ethics, reporting, and evaluation of research. We discuss how the...

    Authors: Stephanie L. Harriman, Maria K. Kowalczuk, Iveta Simera and Elizabeth Wager

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2016 1:5

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