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  1. The Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) provides access to unreleased government records that can be used to enhance the transparency and integrity of biomedical research. We characterized FOIA requests to Depar...

    Authors: Alexander C. Egilman, Joshua D. Wallach, Christopher J. Morten, Peter Lurie and Joseph S. Ross

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2019 4:26

    Content type: Research

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  2. There is increasing evidence that research misbehaviour is common, especially the minor forms. Previous studies on research misbehaviour primarily focused on biomedical and social sciences, and evidence from n...

    Authors: Tamarinde L. Haven, Joeri K. Tijdink, H. Roeline Pasman, Guy Widdershoven, Gerben ter Riet and Lex M. Bouter

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2019 4:25

    Content type: Research

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  3. Developing a comprehensive, reproducible literature search is the basis for a high-quality systematic review (SR). Librarians and information professionals, as expert searchers, can improve the quality of syst...

    Authors: Holly K. Grossetta Nardini, Janene Batten, Melissa C. Funaro, Rolando Garcia-Milian, Kate Nyhan, Judy M. Spak, Lei Wang and Janis G. Glover

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2019 4:23

    Content type: Research

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  4. We provide additional information relevant to our previous publication on the quality of reports of investigations of research integrity by academic institutions. Despite concerns being raised about ethical ov...

    Authors: Andrew Grey, Mark Bolland and Alison Avenell

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2019 4:22

    Content type: Letter

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  5. Numerous recommendations and guidelines aim to improve the quality, timeliness and transparency of medical publications. However, these guidelines use ambiguous language that can be challenging to interpret, p...

    Authors: Blair R. Hesp, Katsuhisa Arai, Magdalene Y. S. Chu, Stefanie Chuah, Jose Miguel B. Curameng, Sandeep Kamat, Zhigang Ma, Andrew Sakko and Hazel Fernandez

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2019 4:21

    Content type: Commentary

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  6. In their research reports, scientists are expected to discuss limitations that their studies have. Previous research showed that often, such discussion is absent. Also, many journals emphasize the importance o...

    Authors: Kerem Keserlioglu, Halil Kilicoglu and Gerben ter Riet

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2019 4:19

    Content type: Research

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  7. Both scientists and society at large have rightfully become increasingly concerned about research integrity in recent decades. In response, codes of conduct for research have been developed and elaborated. We ...

    Authors: Rik Peels, Jeroen de Ridder, Tamarinde Haven and Lex Bouter

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2019 4:18

    Content type: Commentary

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  8. CORE (Clarity and Openness in Reporting: E3-based) Reference (released May 2016 by the European Medical Writers Association [EMWA] and the American Medical Writers Association [AMWA]) is a complete and authoritat...

    Authors: Samina Hamilton, Aaron B. Bernstein, Graham Blakey, Vivien Fagan, Tracy Farrow, Debbie Jordan, Walther Seiler and Art Gertel

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2019 4:16

    Content type: Review

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  9. Although a large number of clinical trials on interventions demonstrating efficacy (or lack thereof) are conducted annually, much of this evidence is not accessible to scientists and clinicians.

    Authors: Sharain Suliman, Leigh van den Heuvel, Alexandra Suryapranata, Jonathan I. Bisson and Soraya Seedat

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2019 4:15

    Content type: Research

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  10. Many authors choose to work with professional medical writers when reporting the results of clinical trials. We conducted a systematic review to examine the relationship between professional medical writing su...

    Authors: Obaro Evuarherhe, William Gattrell, Richard White and Christopher C. Winchester

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2019 4:14

    Content type: Review

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  11. The ARRIVE (Animal Research: Reporting of In Vivo Experiments) guidelines are widely endorsed but compliance is limited. We sought to determine whether journal-requested completion of an ARRIVE checklist impro...

    Authors: Kaitlyn Hair, Malcolm R. Macleod and Emily S. Sena

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2019 4:12

    Content type: Research

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  12. Research that has been sponsored by pharmaceutical, medical device and biotechnology companies is often presented at scientific and medical conferences. However, practices vary between organizations and it can...

    Authors: Cate Foster, Elizabeth Wager, Jackie Marchington, Mina Patel, Steve Banner, Nina C. Kennard, Antonia Panayi and Rianne Stacey

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2019 4:11

    Content type: Research

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  13. A recent commentary argued for arbitration to resolve authorship disputes within academic research settings explaining that current mechanisms to resolve conflicts result in unclear outcomes and institutional ...

    Authors: Zubin Master and Evelyn Tenenbaum

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2019 4:10

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Research Integrity and Peer Review 2018 3:12

  14. Reducing the number of animals used in experiments has become a priority for the governments of many countries. For these reductions to occur, animal-free alternatives must be made more available and, cruciall...

    Authors: S. Bressers, H. van den Elzen, C. Gräwe, D. van den Oetelaar, P. H. A. Postma and S. K. Schoustra

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2019 4:8

    Content type: Research

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  15. The emphasis on impact factors and the quantity of publications intensifies competition between researchers. This competition was traditionally considered an incentive to produce high-quality work, but there a...

    Authors: Tamarinde L. Haven, Marije Esther Evalien de Goede, Joeri K. Tijdink and Frans Jeroen Oort

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2019 4:7

    Content type: Methodology

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  16. Bisphenol A is highly debated and studied in relation to a variety of health outcomes. This large variation in the literature makes BPA a topic that is prone to selective use of literature, in order to underpi...

    Authors: M. J. E. Urlings, B. Duyx, G. M. H. Swaen, L. M. Bouter and M. P. Zeegers

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2019 4:6

    Content type: Research

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  17. Narrative reviews are the commonest type of articles in the medical literature. However, unlike systematic reviews and randomized controlled trials (RCT) articles, for which formal instruments exist to evaluat...

    Authors: Christopher Baethge, Sandra Goldbeck-Wood and Stephan Mertens

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2019 4:5

    Content type: Methodology

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  18. Open peer review (OPR) is moving into the mainstream, but it is often poorly understood and surveys of researcher attitudes show important barriers to implementation. As more journals move to implement and exp...

    Authors: Tony Ross-Hellauer and Edit Görögh

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2019 4:4

    Content type: Commentary

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  19. The abstracts of a conference are important for informing the participants about the results that are communicated. However, there is poor reporting in conference abstracts in disability research. This paper a...

    Authors: Eric Badu, Paul Okyere, Diane Bell, Naomi Gyamfi, Maxwell Peprah Opoku, Peter Agyei-Baffour and Anthony Kwaku Edusei

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2019 4:1

    Content type: Review

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  20. A large number of scientists and several news platforms have, over the last few years, been speaking of a replication crisis in various academic disciplines, especially the biomedical and social sciences. This...

    Authors: Rik Peels

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2019 4:2

    Content type: Commentary

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  21. The progression of research and scholarly inquiry does not occur in isolation and is wholly dependent on accurate reporting of methods and results, and successful replication of prior work. Without mechanisms ...

    Authors:

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2018 3:15

    Content type: Commentary

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    The Commentary to this article has been published in Research Integrity and Peer Review 2018 3:14

  22. Disputes over authorship are increasing. This paper examines the options that researchers have in resolving authorship disputes. Discussions about authorship disputes often address how to prevent disputes but ...

    Authors: Zen Faulkes

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2018 3:12

    Content type: Commentary

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    The Commentary to this article has been published in Research Integrity and Peer Review 2019 4:10

  23. Following publication of this article [1] it was brought to our attention that we omitted to provide credit for Table 1. While the content of the table and the systematization of blinding in review have been r...

    Authors: S. P. J. M. (Serge) Horbach and W. (Willem) Halffman

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2018 3:11

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in Research Integrity and Peer Review 2018 3:8

  24. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are often complex and expensive to perform. Less than one third achieve planned recruitment targets, follow-up can be labor-intensive, and many have limited real-world gener...

    Authors: Linda Kwakkenbos, Edmund Juszczak, Lars G Hemkens, Margaret Sampson, Ole Fröbert, Clare Relton, Chris Gale, Merrick Zwarenstein, Sinéad M Langan, David Moher, Isabelle Boutron, Philippe Ravaud, Marion K Campbell, Kimberly A Mc Cord, Tjeerd P van Staa, Lehana Thabane…

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2018 3:9

    Content type: Study protocol

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  25. Associations were examined between author-reported uses of reporting guidelines to prepare JNCI: Journal of the National Cancer Institute (JNCI) submissions, editorial decisions, and reviewer ratings for adherenc...

    Authors: Jeannine Botos

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2018 3:7

    Content type: Research

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  26. The quality and integrity of the scientific literature have recently become the subject of heated debate. Due to an apparent increase in cases of scientific fraud and irreproducible research, some have claimed...

    Authors: S. P. J. M. ( Serge) Horbach and W. ( Willem) Halffman

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2018 3:8

    Content type: Review

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Research Integrity and Peer Review 2018 3:11

  27. Despite rapid growth of the scientific literature, no consensus guidelines have emerged to define the optimal criteria for editors to grade submitted manuscripts. The purpose of this project was to assess the ...

    Authors: Catherine H. Davis, Barbara L. Bass, Kevin E. Behrns, Keith D. Lillemoe, O. James Garden, Mark S. Roh, Jeffrey E. Lee, Charles M. Balch and Thomas A. Aloia

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2018 3:4

    Content type: Research

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  28. In May 2016, we launched Research Integrity and Peer Review, an international, open access journal with fully open peer review (reviewers are identified on their reports and named reports are published alongside ...

    Authors: Stephanie L. Boughton, Maria K. Kowalczuk, Joerg J. Meerpohl, Elizabeth Wager and Elizabeth C. Moylan

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2018 3:3

    Content type: Editorial

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  29. This paper describes the experience of an academic institution, the Queensland University of Technology (QUT), developing training courses about research integrity practices in authorship, publication, and Jou...

    Authors: Mark Hooper, Virginia Barbour, Anne Walsh, Stephanie Bradbury and Jane Jacobs

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2018 3:2

    Content type: Commentary

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  30. Although the peer review process is believed to ensure scientific rigor, enhance research quality, and improve manuscript clarity, many investigators are concerned that the process is too slow, too expensive, ...

    Authors: Joshua D. Wallach, Alexander C. Egilman, Anand D. Gopal, Nishwant Swami, Harlan M. Krumholz and Joseph S. Ross

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2018 3:1

    Content type: Research

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  31. There is evidence that direct journal endorsement of reporting guidelines can lead to important improvements in the quality and reliability of the published research. However, over the last 20 years, there has...

    Authors: Daniel R. Shanahan, Ines Lopes de Sousa and Diana M. Marshall

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2017 2:20

    Content type: Research

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  32. In Australia, the peer review process for competitive funding is usually conducted by a peer review group in conjunction with prior assessment from external assessors. This process is quite mysterious to those...

    Authors: John Coveney, Danielle L Herbert, Kathy Hill, Karen E Mow, Nicholas Graves and Adrian Barnett

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2017 2:19

    Content type: Research

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  33. Deciphering the amount of work provided by different co-authors of a scientific paper has been a recurrent problem in science. Despite the myriad of metrics available, the scientific community still largely re...

    Authors: Stéphane Boyer, Takayoshi Ikeda, Marie-Caroline Lefort, Jagoba Malumbres-Olarte and Jason M. Schmidt

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2017 2:18

    Content type: Methodology

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  34. Knowledge development depends on an unbiased representation of the available evidence. Selective citation may distort this representation. Recently, some controversy emerged regarding the possible impact of sw...

    Authors: Bram Duyx, Miriam J. E. Urlings, Gerard M. H. Swaen, Lex M. Bouter and Maurice P. Zeegers

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2017 2:17

    Content type: Research

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  35. Winning funding for health and medical research usually involves a lengthy application process. With success rates under 20%, much of the time spent by 80% of applicants could have been better used on actual r...

    Authors: Adrian G. Barnett, Philip Clarke, Cedryck Vaquette and Nicholas Graves

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2017 2:16

    Content type: Research

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  36. Accurate reporting on sex and gender in health research is integral to ensuring that health interventions are safe and effective. In Canada and internationally, governments, research organizations, journal edi...

    Authors: V. Welch, M. Doull, M. Yoganathan, J. Jull, M. Boscoe, S. E. Coen, Z. Marshall, J. Pardo Pardo, A. Pederson, J. Petkovic, L. Puil, L. Quinlan, B. Shea, T. Rader, V. Runnels and S. Tudiver

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2017 2:15

    Content type: Research

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  37. Research Ethics Boards, or Institutional Review Boards, protect the safety and welfare of human research participants. These bodies are responsible for providing an independent evaluation of proposed research ...

    Authors: Stacey A. Page and Jeffrey Nyeboer

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2017 2:14

    Content type: Commentary

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  38. Trial registration helps minimize publication and reporting bias. In leading medical journals, 96% of published trials are registered. The aim of this study was to determine the proportion of randomized contro...

    Authors: Richard Gray, Ashish Badnapurkar, Eman Hassanein, Donna Thomas, Laileah Barguir, Charley Baker, Martin Jones, Daniel Bressington, Ellie Brown and Annie Topping

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2017 2:8

    Content type: Research

    Published on: