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Table 2 Top 5 detrimental research misbehaviours on the aggerate level by disciplinary field

From: Researchers’ perceptions of research misbehaviours: a mixed methods study among academic researchers in Amsterdam

Top 5 research misbehaviours per disciplinary field with M (SD)
 BiomedicineNatural sciencesSocial sciencesHumanities
#1Insufficiently supervise or mentor junior co-workers7.02 (3.63)Insufficiently supervise or mentor junior co-workers7.72 (4.13)Insufficiently supervise or mentor junior co-workers6.95 (3.78)Insufficiently supervise or mentor junior co-workers6.76 (3.84)
#2Choose a clearly inadequate research design or using evidently unsuitable measurement instruments6.04 (3.16)Not report clearly relevant details of study methods6.95 (3.43)Not publish a valid ‘negative’ study6.54 (3.98)Use published ideas or phrases of others without referencing6.69 (3.69)
#3Let own convictions influence the conclusions substantially5.99 (3.17)Insufficiently report study flaws and limitations6.64 (3.41)Let own convictions influence the conclusions substantially5.86 (2.95)Selectively cite to enhance own findings or convictions6.17 (3.25)
#4Give insufficient attention to the equipment, skills or expertise which are essential to perform the study5.64 (3.32)Let own convictions influence the conclusions substantially6.38 (3.27)Choose a clearly inadequate research design or using evidently unsuitable measurement instruments5.77 (3.38)Choose a clearly inadequate research design or using evidently unsuitable measurement instruments6.11 (3.37)
#5Keep inadequate notes of the research process5.62 (2.96)Give insufficient attention to the equipment, skills or expertise which are essential to perform the study6.26 (3.48)Give insufficient attention to the equipment, skills or expertise which are essential to perform the study5.71 (3.3)Unfairly review papers, grant applications or colleagues applying for promotion6.03 (4.15)