Skip to main content

Table 1 Good practices of research. Percent agreement that selected examples of good practices in research were present in the context of the case of research misconduct. Respondents were not included in the calculated percentages if they noted that they did not remember (or did not know about) a particular item or that it was not applicable

From: Survey study of research integrity officers’ perceptions of research practices associated with instances of research misconduct

  Agree or Strongly Agree (n of N, %) Don’t remember (n) Not applicable (n) No answer (n)
… open and transparent with each other about their work. 4 of 21, 19% 2 1 0
… had a good understanding of statistical methods or sought out the necessary expertise. 5 of 12, 42% 2 10 0
… considered authorship to be both a credit and a source of responsibility. 7 of 18, 39% 3 3 0
… felt empowered to speak up if something didn’t seem right or they had questions. 4 of 17, 24% 3 4 0
… leader of the research group/team was a good manager of:     
 people. 5 of 21, 24% 0 1 2
 budgets. 4 of 11, 36% 5 7 1
 the research operations. 10 of 22, 45% 1 0 1
 the research data. 6 of 21, 29% 1 1 1
… designed research studies to protect themselves from the risk of bias. 5 of 19, 26% 1 3 1
… kept research records sufficient for others to reconstruct what had or had not been done. 9 of 22, 41% 0 1 1