Skip to main content

Peer review

Section edited by Mario Malički.

This Section considers manuscripts reporting research into the peer review of articles for publication (by journals), or presentation (by conferences), and the peer review of grant proposals by funders. Research topics for this section will include: methods of identifying, training and rewarding peer reviewers; mechanisms to reduce bias, such as blinding; novel systems for peer review, such as ‘public review’ and post-publication review; and methods to measure and improve the quality of peer review.

  1. Inaccurate citations are erroneous quotations or instances of paraphrasing of previously published material that mislead readers about the claims of the cited source. They are often unaddressed due to underrep...

    Authors: Mohammad Hosseini, Martin Paul Eve, Bert Gordijn and Cameron Neylon

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2020 5:13

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Triggered by a series of controversies and diversifying expectations of editorial practices, several innovative peer review procedures and supporting technologies have been proposed. However, adoption of these...

    Authors: Serge P. J. M. Horbach and Willem Halffman

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2020 5:11

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  3. The process of peer-review in academia has attracted criticism surrounding issues of bias, fairness, and professionalism; however, frequency of occurrence of such comments is unknown.

    Authors: Travis G. Gerwing, Alyssa M. Allen Gerwing, Stephanie Avery-Gomm, Chi-Yeung Choi, Jeff C. Clements and Joshua A. Rash

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2020 5:9

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  4. Our aim is to highlight the benefits and limitations of open and non-anonymized peer review. Our argument is based on the literature and on responses to a survey on the reviewing process of alt.chi, a more or ...

    Authors: Lonni Besançon, Niklas Rönnberg, Jonas Löwgren, Jonathan P. Tennant and Matthew Cooper

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2020 5:8

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  5. Funding agencies have long used panel discussion in the peer review of research grant proposals as a way to utilize a set of expertise and perspectives in making funding decisions. Little research has examined...

    Authors: Stephen A. Gallo, Karen B. Schmaling, Lisa A. Thompson and Scott R. Glisson

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2020 5:7

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  6. Peer review is embedded in the core of our knowledge generation systems, perceived as a method for establishing quality or scholarly legitimacy for research, while also often distributing academic prestige and...

    Authors: Jonathan P. Tennant and Tony Ross-Hellauer

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2020 5:6

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  7. The Health Research Council of New Zealand is the first major government funding agency to use a lottery to allocate research funding for their Explorer Grant scheme. This is a somewhat controversial approach ...

    Authors: Mengyao Liu, Vernon Choy, Philip Clarke, Adrian Barnett, Tony Blakely and Lucy Pomeroy

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2020 5:3

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  8. Descriptive studies examining publication rates and citation counts demonstrate a geographic skew toward high-income countries (HIC), and research from low- or middle-income countries (LMICs) is generally unde...

    Authors: Mark Skopec, Hamdi Issa, Julie Reed and Matthew Harris

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2020 5:2

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  9. Developing a comprehensive, reproducible literature search is the basis for a high-quality systematic review (SR). Librarians and information professionals, as expert searchers, can improve the quality of syst...

    Authors: Holly K. Grossetta Nardini, Janene Batten, Melissa C. Funaro, Rolando Garcia-Milian, Kate Nyhan, Judy M. Spak, Lei Wang and Janis G. Glover

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2019 4:23

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  10. In their research reports, scientists are expected to discuss limitations that their studies have. Previous research showed that often, such discussion is absent. Also, many journals emphasize the importance o...

    Authors: Kerem Keserlioglu, Halil Kilicoglu and Gerben ter Riet

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2019 4:19

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  11. CORE (Clarity and Openness in Reporting: E3-based) Reference (released May 2016 by the European Medical Writers Association [EMWA] and the American Medical Writers Association [AMWA]) is a complete and authoritat...

    Authors: Samina Hamilton, Aaron B. Bernstein, Graham Blakey, Vivien Fagan, Tracy Farrow, Debbie Jordan, Walther Seiler and Art Gertel

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2019 4:16

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  12. Narrative reviews are the commonest type of articles in the medical literature. However, unlike systematic reviews and randomized controlled trials (RCT) articles, for which formal instruments exist to evaluat...

    Authors: Christopher Baethge, Sandra Goldbeck-Wood and Stephan Mertens

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2019 4:5

    Content type: Methodology

    Published on:

  13. Open peer review (OPR) is moving into the mainstream, but it is often poorly understood and surveys of researcher attitudes show important barriers to implementation. As more journals move to implement and exp...

    Authors: Tony Ross-Hellauer and Edit Görögh

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2019 4:4

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  14. Associations were examined between author-reported uses of reporting guidelines to prepare JNCI: Journal of the National Cancer Institute (JNCI) submissions, editorial decisions, and reviewer ratings for adherenc...

    Authors: Jeannine Botos

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2018 3:7

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  15. The quality and integrity of the scientific literature have recently become the subject of heated debate. Due to an apparent increase in cases of scientific fraud and irreproducible research, some have claimed...

    Authors: S. P. J. M. ( Serge) Horbach and W. ( Willem) Halffman

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2018 3:8

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Research Integrity and Peer Review 2018 3:11

  16. Despite rapid growth of the scientific literature, no consensus guidelines have emerged to define the optimal criteria for editors to grade submitted manuscripts. The purpose of this project was to assess the ...

    Authors: Catherine H. Davis, Barbara L. Bass, Kevin E. Behrns, Keith D. Lillemoe, O. James Garden, Mark S. Roh, Jeffrey E. Lee, Charles M. Balch and Thomas A. Aloia

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2018 3:4

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  17. In May 2016, we launched Research Integrity and Peer Review, an international, open access journal with fully open peer review (reviewers are identified on their reports and named reports are published alongside ...

    Authors: Stephanie L. Boughton, Maria K. Kowalczuk, Joerg J. Meerpohl, Elizabeth Wager and Elizabeth C. Moylan

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2018 3:3

    Content type: Editorial

    Published on:

  18. Although the peer review process is believed to ensure scientific rigor, enhance research quality, and improve manuscript clarity, many investigators are concerned that the process is too slow, too expensive, ...

    Authors: Joshua D. Wallach, Alexander C. Egilman, Anand D. Gopal, Nishwant Swami, Harlan M. Krumholz and Joseph S. Ross

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2018 3:1

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  19. In Australia, the peer review process for competitive funding is usually conducted by a peer review group in conjunction with prior assessment from external assessors. This process is quite mysterious to those...

    Authors: John Coveney, Danielle L Herbert, Kathy Hill, Karen E Mow, Nicholas Graves and Adrian Barnett

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2017 2:19

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  20. Winning funding for health and medical research usually involves a lengthy application process. With success rates under 20%, much of the time spent by 80% of applicants could have been better used on actual r...

    Authors: Adrian G. Barnett, Philip Clarke, Cedryck Vaquette and Nicholas Graves

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2017 2:16

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  21. The aim of this survey was to determine the level of awareness and understanding of peer review and peer review models amongst junior hospital doctors and whether this influences clinical decision-making.

    Authors: Jigisha Patel, Mary Pierce, Stephanie L. Boughton and Stephanie E. Baldeweg

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2017 2:11

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  22. It is commonly reported by editors that it has become harder to recruit reviewers for peer review and that this is because individuals are being asked to review too often and are experiencing reviewer fatigue....

    Authors: Charles W. Fox, Arianne Y. K. Albert and Timothy H. Vines

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2017 2:3

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Research Integrity and Peer Review 2016 1:14

  23. There is concern in the academic publishing community that it is becoming more difficult to secure reviews for peer-reviewed manuscripts, but much of this concern stems from anecdotal and rhetorical evidence.

    Authors: Arianne Y. K. Albert, Jennifer L. Gow, Alison Cobra and Timothy H. Vines

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2016 1:14

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Commentary to this article has been published in Research Integrity and Peer Review 2017 2:3

  24. As the size of the published scientific literature has increased exponentially over the past 30 years, review articles play an increasingly important role in helping researchers to make sense of original resea...

    Authors: Jennifer A. Byrne

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2016 1:12

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  25. This editorial explains why we are launching Research Integrity and Peer Review, a new open-access journal that will provide a home to research on ethics, reporting, and evaluation of research. We discuss how the...

    Authors: Stephanie L. Harriman, Maria K. Kowalczuk, Iveta Simera and Elizabeth Wager

    Citation: Research Integrity and Peer Review 2016 1:5

    Content type: Editorial

    Published on: